Mendonça Building, 1109 Maunakea St.
Joseph Mendonça started life in Honolulu at 16 and learned carpentry and masonry as a construction worker, but established himself as a businessman after investing in small properties around Chinatown. Mendonça eventually built the brick building that bears his name in 1901, one of the scorched area’s first new structures after the fire of 1900. In the 1890s, Mendonça was a member of the Annexation Party’s Committee on Public Safety. He, along with Samuel Dole, William Wilder and others, moved to overthrow the Hawaiian throne, seizing government offices at Ali’iolani Hale and leading to Queen Liliuokalani’s imprisonment. The Italianate-style Mendonça Building is the roof over many businesses and organizations, including artists’ lofts and creative spaces.